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Before Arjun Kapoor’s Panipat: Facts about Third Battle of Panipat

third battle of panipat facts before Arjun Kapoor Kriti Sanon film release
December 1, 2018

Filmmaker Ashutosh Gowariker is back with yet another period drama, titled Panipat. Based on the third battle of Panipat – between the Marathas and the Durrani Empire – the film stars Arjun Kapoor, Kriti Sanon and Sanjay Dutt in the lead.

The movie has been tentatively scheduled for a December 6, 2019 release, confirmed the actors via their respective social media handles.

However, if you have no clue about this battle or have forgotten major facts associated with it then do not worry as we have your back. We’ll quickly take you through some of the details about the battle that will not only enhance your ‘history’, but also act as a ‘movie-appetizer’ for you:

Empires/Armies Involved

The 3rd battle of Panipat was fought between the Maratha forces and the invading army of the King of Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Durrani, who was backed by two Indian allies – the Rohilla Afghans of the Doab and Shuja-ud-Daula, the Nawab of Awadh.


The two empires locked horns on the 14th of January 1761.

Notable Names Involved

  • Maratha commander-in-chief Sadashiv Rao Bhau (portrayed by Arjun Kapoor in the film)
  • Sadashiv’s second wife Parvati Bai (played by Kriti Sanon)
  • King of Afghanistan Ahmad Shah Durrani (aka Ahmad Shah Abdali, portrayed by Sanjay Dutt)
  • Vishwasrao, the oldest son of Balaji Baji Rao, Peshwa of Pune
  • Malhar Rao Holkar, a noble of the Maratha Empire

Result of the Battle

Since the Marathas failed to gather any kind of support from the Jats, Sikhs or the Rajputs, their ‘small’ army had to taste defeat at the hands of ‘numerically superior’ Afghans. Both Sadashivrao Bhau and the Peshwa’s son, Vishwasrao lost their lives in the battle.

In the Aftermath

  • After a thumping victory over the Marathas, the Afghans entered Panipat and made women and children their slaves.
  • It is believed that a day after the battle, the Afghans slaughtered around 40,000 Maratha prisoners in cold blood.
  • However, the Marathas once again came into power, though 10 years later, under the leadership of Peshwa Madhavrao.


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